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About Diabetes: Are You At Risk?

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disorder in which your body cannot adjust sugar. It happens if your body does not make insulin or cannot use it very well. Insulin is a hormone that manages how much sugar is in your blood. Blood sugar is also called “glucose.” A high blood sugar level can create problems in various parts of your body.

Diabetes cannot be healed, but it can be well maintained with diet, exercise, and medications. 


Diabetologist in Nashik


Are there different types of diabetes?

There are two main types of diabetes — type 1 and type 2.

Type 1 diabetes

With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make enough insulin. Type 1 normally rises when you are a child or young adult, but it can happen at any age. Approximately 5 to 10 percent of all people with diabetes have type 1. It is treated with: 

  • Taking everyday insulin shots or using an insulin pump
  • Healthful eating
  • Physical activity

Type 2 diabetes

With type 2 diabetes, your body makes insulin but cannot utilize it well. Type 2 normally begins when you are over age 40, but it is becoming more popular in younger people. Many young people and children are improving type 2 nowadays. 

About 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2. It is the most common type of diabetes. It is often connected with being overweight and tends to run in families.

Initially, type 2 diabetes may be managed with exercise, weight control, and a healthier diet. If these are not sufficient to manage blood sugar, pills or insulin may be needed.


Am I at risk for diabetes?

Anyone can get diabetes.

  • Overweight
  • Lazy (exercise less than three times a week)
  • African-American/Black, American Indian, Alaskan Native, Hispanic, Pacific Islander, or Asian
  • Age 45 or older
  • Have a family history of diabetes
  • Have high blood pressure
  • Have abnormal blood fats (cholesterol or triglycerides)

Any of these risk factors are things you cannot replace, like your ethnic background or age. But others are things you can change, like being overweight or having a lazy lifestyle.

What are the “warning signs” of diabetes?

Not everyone has notice signs. Diabetes is called a “silent infection” because numerous people do not have any. You may have some indication signs, or you may not. Some of the warning signs are:

  • Being very thirsty
  • Urinating often (especially at night)
  • Feeling very hungry or tired
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Having sores that heal slowly
  • Having dry, itchy skin
  • Losing the feeling in your feet.
  • Having blurry eyesight

How will I know if I have diabetes?

The best method to know if you have diabetes is to get examined for it. This is done with a normal blood test to check your blood sugar levels. If you are at risk for diabetes, talk to your Diabetologist. Ask to be tested for it. 


What can I do if I am at risk for diabetes?

  • Be physically active regularly
  • Lose weight, if you need to
  • Eat less fat
  • Manage your blood sugar, blood pressure, and blood fats under control
  • Get tested for diabetes

What if I already have diabetes?

Talk to us. we will work with you to create a treatment plan to manage your diabetes. Your treatment program may include diet, exercise, and medication. By managing your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol under control, you can stop or slow down other health problems caused by diabetes. Learn all you can and take an active role in your healthcare.

Where can I get more information?

The SARTHAK HEALTH CLINIC provides more information about diabetes. Call /what’s an app at our helpline number: 91 8828226607 or message us through our website https://www.ashutoshsonawane.com/


Childhood Diabetes

The incidence of type 2 diabetes, formerly considered a disease of middle and old age, has been regularly developing among children and teenagers. Data from developed nations shows that this increase parallels a similar rise in the ubiquity of childhood and teenage obesity. While type 2 diabetes in kids and teenagers is as yet not a major common health problem in our country, new reports revealing rising levels of obesity among youngsters especially in our metropolitan cities give cause for attention.


Overweight and obesity are big risk factors for type 2 diabetes at all ages. This is all the more so among Indians who tend to improve diabetes at younger ages and lower levels of obesity than white Caucasians. The continuous rise in childhood obesity in our country has the potential to explode into an epidemic of youth-onset diabetes unless coordinated and concrete action is taken by health professionals, policymakers, parents, and the society at large.


Reasons and some symptoms that may help to determine if the child has or is at risk for childhood obesity:


  • Family records of obesity-related fitness risks such as early cardiovascular disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressure levels and type 2 diabetes.
  • Family history of cigarette smoking and sedentary behavior.
  • Skin diseases acanthosis nigricans (ugly or dirty skin on the neck and axilla region) or skin tags.
  • Psychological / Psychiatric Issues like poor self-esteem, negative self-image, depression, and withdrawal from peers have been associated with obesity.
  • Models of sedentary behavior (such as too much television viewing) and low physical activity levels.
  • Low self-confidence and inferiority complex may lead to overeating, anorexia nervosa, etc.,

A healthy well-balanced diet for children

Parents concerned about their kid’s weight should support a variety of fresh, nutritious foods in his or her diet.


The following tips may be useful:

  • Foods rich in “complex carbohydrates”, are bulky relative to the number of calories they contain. This makes them fulfilling and nutritious.
  • Sources such as bread, potatoes, pasta, rice, and chapatti produce half the energy in a child’s diet.
  • Rather than high-fat foods like chocolate, biscuits, cakes and crisps, try healthfuller alternatives such as fresh fruit, crusty bread, or crackers.
  • Try to cook foods instead of frying. Burgers, fingers, and sausages are just as tasty when grilled, but have a lower fat content. Oven chips are below in fat than deep-fried chips.
  • Avoid fizzy beverages that are high in sugar. Replace them with fresh juices diluted with water or sugar-free options.
  • A healthful breakfast of low-sugar cereal (e.g. wholemeal wheat biscuits) milk, plus a piece of fruit is a great start to the day.
  • Instead of desserts, offer dried fruit or tinned fruit in natural juice. Frozen yogurt is an alternative to ice cream.


Healthy Eating Environment

A well-planned meal with vegetables that contribute to a kid’s well-being can be one of life’s biggest pleasures. To make mealtime pleasant, build a healthy food environment. When children are exposed to healthy foods early, they are more likely to improve habits that support healthy weight as they grow. fixed meal times, choose the foods offered, and encourage an inviting place to eat. Inspirit eating slowly, with enjoyment. Avoid pushing children to eat. Help the children join in the meal by serving themselves and provide wholesome choices and allow them to pick which food and how much to eat. Totally avoid TV watching and computer games while eating


Consult Dr. Ashutosh Sonawane is a Consultant Adult & Pediatric Endocrinologist & Diabetologist at SARTHAK HEALTH CLINIC Nashik.

Dr. Ashutosh Sonawane