Polycystic ovary disease (PCOD ) is the number of symptoms on account of heightened androgens (men hormones) in females. PCOD symptoms consist of irregular or no menstrual periods, severe menstrual periods, unwanted facial hair, acne breakouts, pelvic ache, trouble having a baby, and also pockets of dense, darker, velvety skin. Related ailments consist of type 2 diabetic issues, morbid obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, heart problems, depression issues, and also endometrial cancer.
Causes of PCOD
- Excess androgen: Overproduction of androgen by ovaries causes may lead to hirsutism and acne.
- Excess production of insulin: Insulin hormone controls the blood sugar levels in human body. When human cells become resistant to the action of insulin, the blood sugar level increases. As a result, the body produces an excess of insulin to control this increased blood sugar level. An excessive insulin production in turn increases the production of androgens which are the male hormones, otherwise very less in females. Increased androgen production causes difficulty with ovulation.
- Heredity: Certain genetic correlation may exist with PCOD in women.
- Presence of low-grade inflammation: Women with PCOD experience a low-grade inflammation that may stimulate polycystic ovaries to produce androgens.