Have you recently been gaining weight without any obvious reason, or have been feeling exhausted all the time, irritable, feeling cold too often, experiencing hair fall or pain in the muscles or noticed any swelling around the neck or ankles?

If you have noticed one or more of these symptoms, maybe it is because of hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones to meet the needs of the body. The thyroid is underactive.

Hypothyroidism occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland that sits at the front of your neck. It releases hormones to help your body regulate and use energy.

Your thyroid is responsible for providing energy to nearly every organ in your body. It controls functions like how your heart beats and how your digestive system works. Without the right amount of thyroid hormones, your body’s natural functions begin to slow down.

Also called underactive thyroid, hypothyroidism affects women more frequently than men. It commonly affects people over the age of 60, but can begin at any age. It may be discovered through a routine blood test or after symptoms begin.

Dr. Ashutosh Sonawane