Author - Dr_Ashutosh

Causes of Weight Gain and Obesity

Causes of Weight Gain and Obesity

Junk Foods

The food you eat has the main influence on your body and can make you put on or lose weight very easily. By eating the incorrect food you will gain a lot of fat around the hips, stomach, and thighs area. Foods like chips, ice cream, sweets, cakes, breads, cookies, red unprocessed meats in burgers or steaks, and unprocessed meats found in bacon and salami can contribute to fat in the body rapidly. These food items are very high in calories, full of carbohydrates and lead to hip fat and Weight Gain, and Obesity.

Lack of Physical Activity –

When a body continues inactive all day long or sits in one place for most of the time, the fat derived from the food he/she eats starts getting accumulated as it fails to get converted into energy which the body can use. People who do not exercise, sit in front of the TV all day, or prefer sleeping in bed when doing nothing often complain that it took no time for them to increase weight and accumulate hip fat and fat around the stomach and thigh region along with other body parts.

Less Consumption of Water –

Another one of the common problems of fat is decreased consumption of water, allowing toxins and wastes to remain in the body for long resulting in weight gain and also help in the accumulation of fat. Drinking quantities of water every day helps to reduce toxins and wastes products thereby keeping your body weight low and fat at bay.

Menopause –

For women who are about to experience or are already experiencing menopause, weight gain is a natural phenomenon. As the body experiences various hormonal changes, a woman can gain weight and body fat, especially in the hip and belly region.

Medical Ailments –

People who suffer from medical ailments such as knee, ankle or back pain, Thyroid, Diabetes are unable to move around much and are confined to one place all day long are most likely to add hip fat. Such people should eat healthily and try to do some hand and leg exercises while sitting in place.

Sedentary Work –

A sedentary operator is a person who sits in one spot all day long to do his work and does not have much physical movement. People who have counter jobs be it of any kind which requires them to stay in one spot often accumulate a lot of fat in various parts of the body.

How do I know if I am obese?

Obesity can be measured using BMI.

BMI is measured by dividing body weight (kilograms) by height (metres) squared.

BMI= WEIGHT(KG) / HEIGHT(m)2

World Health Organisation BMI classification system for adults.

Dr. Ashutosh Sonawane is a Consultant Adult & Pediatric Endocrinologist & Diabetologist at SARTHAK HEALTH CLINIC Nashik.

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Tackling Diabetes During Pregnancy

Diabetes is one of the common medical diseases during pregnancy. Irrespective of the kind of diabetes, it is essential to learn control and obtain guidance on your diabetic journey. Women that are preparing to conceive must be careful because the consequences of high blood glucose levels are harmful to the baby. Conceiving babies as a pregnant woman can be difficult and asking however, it is not abnormal for diabetic women to birth healthy children provided they are dedicated to a diet and work hard towards it.

 

Here are some tips before deciding to get pregnant.

  •  Build a health care team
  •  Create a plan to manage blood sugar levels
  •  Frequent contact with a health care provider to monitor the baby’s health
  •  Take advice for a healthy meal plan
  •  Ensure proper nutrition to balance blood sugar levels
  •  Discuss the type of medications
  •  Seek guidance from high-risk specialists

Here are some preconception meodificans to one’s lifestyle

 

Reach ideal body weight: it is essential to work towards maintaining a specific bodyweight to reduce the risk of diabetes complications. It is also important to gain weight in case the mother to be is underweight to decrease the risk of delivering a child of low weight.

 

Blood Sugar screening:: A stable blood sugar level defines the health of the mother during pregnancy. Particularly before becoming pregnant, one must consult with an expert doctor to assure steady blood sugar levels. High Blood sugar levels in the initial stages of pregnancy can cause birth defects and if it goes out of control can also cause a miscarriage. It is advisable to be screened to identify diabetic complications.

 

Lifestyle Modifications: for those that consume alcohol and smoke, these would be two habits that are a big no during pregnancy especially with diabetes as an already damaging condition. Nicotine, carbon monoxide, and other such dangerous things breathed through a cigarette or carried in one’s bloodstream will further disrupt the growth of the fetus. It raises the risk of failure, stillbirth, respiratory difficulties, and other such abnormalities.

 

Meal planning: Consult with a diabetologist to keep stable blood sugar levels and avoid low or high blood sugar problems that worsen during the pregnancy stage. Balance your carbohydrate consumption and plan a nutrition filled diet to manage blood sugar levels.

These are some of the methods to help women conceive healthily even if diabetes poses a threat.

 

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Thyroid Disease: Hypothyroidism & Hyperthyroidism

What is Thyroid?

The thyroid is a small part that is shaped like a butterfly, that rests in the middle of the lower neck. Its prime function is to control the body’s metabolism (the rate at which cells perform their respective duties which are essential). To control metabolism, the thyroid creates hormones namely T4 and T3, which tell the body cells how much energy to consume.

A properly functioning thyroid will maintain the right amount of hormones necessary to keep the body’s metabolism functioning at a successful rate. As the hormones are used by the body, the thyroid produces replacements.

The quantity of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream is monitored and controlled by the pituitary gland. When the pituitary gland (which is placed in the center of the skull below the brain) senses a lack of thyroid hormones or a high level of thyroid hormones, it will adjust the hormone (TSH) and send it to the thyroid.

What is thyroid disease?

When the thyroid produces more quantity of hormones, the body uses energy faster which it should not. This condition is called hyperthyroidism. When the thyroid doesn’t create sufficient hormones than the intended, the body uses energy slower which it should be using. This condition is termed as hypothyroidism.

What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism?

The following are symptoms of hypothyroidism:

  • Fatigue
  • Frequent, heavy menstrual periods
  • Forgetfulness
  • Weight gain
  • Dry, coarse skin and hair
  • Hoarse voice
  • Intolerance to cold

The following are symptoms for hyperthyroidism:

  • Irritability/nervousness
  • Muscle weakness/tremors
  • Infrequent, scant menstrual periods
  • Weight loss
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Enlarged thyroid gland
  • Vision problems or eye irritation
  • Heat sensitivity

Complications and Outlook for Thyroid Conditions

The overall outlook varies between hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. With hypothyroidism, your levels and all symptoms may develop with medication, but it’s a condition you’ll likely be treating yourself for the rest of your life.

This is not necessarily the case with hyperthyroidism. If antithyroid medicines work, then your thyroid hormone levels will normalize without any additional problems.

Once you have any form of thyroid disorder though, your diabetologist doctor will monitor your condition with occasional blood tests to make sure your thyroid hormones are at optimal levels.

Complications of thyroid disease:

  • Anxiety (seen more in hyperthyroidism)
  • Depression (seen more in hypothyroidism)
  • Weight fluctuations
  • Fertility issues
  • Birth defects
  • Heart problems
  • High blood pressure (seen in hyperthyroidism).

Dr. Ashutosh Sonawane is a Consultant Adult & Pediatric Endocrinologist & Diabetologist at SARTHAK HEALTH CLINIC Nashik.

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How to Diagnose Diabetes

How is Diabetes diagnosed?

Numerous blood tests are available to diagnose diabetes. abstinence and 2 hours after lunch blood glucose levels are commonly done. Hb 1 Ac test can help to examine long-term control of diabetes.

What treatment do people receive for diabetes?

People with diabetes can initially manage blood sugar by changing lifestyles. die and exercise. However, not all diabetics would control sugar by lifestyle modification but would need medication in the form of tablets Good control of diabetes is necessary to decrease the risk of diabetes difficulties.

 

Tips for Managing Diabetes

Controlling diabetes is a challenge every day. There are so many variables to keep in mind – food, exercise, stress, general health, etc. One of the most challenging parts of diabetes management is the fact that patients have to make so many choices — every day — on their own. How many carbohydrates are in this meal? How much should I take? What changes do I need to make? Maintaining blood sugar levels in the desired range is a constant balancing act.

 

Do’s

  • Exercise daily
  • See your Diabetologist monthly
  • Test your blood with other work-up periodically
  • Follow the diet as recommended by a nutritionist.
  • Examine the changes as we treat you
  • Mentally prepare yourself

 

 

Don’ts

  • Do not change medicines or stop without consulting
  • Do not miss HBA1C
  • Do not continue diet, exercise, or drugs which the body does not permit
  • Do not modify your diets on your own
  • Do not attempt to decrease weight as one may think losing weight can help them get rid of Diabetes easily.
  • Do not feel depressed, it’s not just you in the whole world.

 

 

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Dr. Ashutosh Sonawane